10,000 B.C. - 410 A.D. 563 - 1157 1237 - 1329 1414 - 1587 1603 - 1727 1745 - 1896 1901 - present
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Timeline of the Scottish History, Page 7: the years 1901 - present

1901 Queen Victoria dies and is succeeded by Edward VII, the only British King of the House Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (as the Royal family adopted the name Windsor later on). During his reign until 1910, when he is succeeded by Edward V, the British Empire spends its last pre-war years, characterised by the rising conflict of interests with the German Empire, which seeks to challenge the British claim for maritime hegemony and has already outstripped Britain in many economical and scientific manners.
1914 Outbreak of the First World War. Until its end in 1918, more than 900,000 British soldiers lose their lifes at the battlefields of France and Belgium and in other regions of the world during the fight against the German Empire and its allies. Among the victims of the Royal Army are around 150,000 Scots - never before Scotland had lost so many men in a conflict. Since 1927, their memory is preserved in the Scottish National War Memorial, which is located within Edinburgh Castle.
1919 Surrender of the German imperial fleet; the fleet is guided to the Scapa Flow lagoon at the Scottish Orkney Islands. In order to prevent the fleet from being overtaken by the Britons, German Admiral Reuter orders its scuttling. The wrecks remain to be on the ground of Scapa Flow until the present day and are now a tourist attraction as, for instance, a popular destination for sports diving.
1937 The Queen Elizabeth, at this time the largest ocean liner ever built, is launched in the Glaswegian Clydebank.
1939 Outbreak of the Second World War. In 1941, Hitler's deputy Rudolf Heß parachutes from a plane, lands nearby Glasgow and is arrested shortly afterwards. The actual purpose of his action, however, is never revealed and remains to be a great enigma of the war.
1943 About 1,000 people are killed around Glasgow during the only attack of the German Luftwaffe directly on Scottish territory during the Second World War.
1945 Nazi Germany surrenders and the Second World War ends. More than 50,000 Scottish soldiers have lost their life this time. Furthermore, the British Empire is deeply affected by the huge financial, economical and human feat of strength that was necessary to withstand the German aggression. Although belonging to the winners of World War II, Britain has lost its status as world power and its colonial Empire breaks apart within the following years.
1952 The British King George VI dies and Elizabeth II (Elizabeth I of Scotland) ascends the throne.
1959 Scotland enters the atomic age when its first nuclear power station is opened at Chapelcross in Dumfriesshire.
1967 The Cunard liner Queen Elizabeth II is launched in Clydebank, Glasgow. It is the last great ocean liner that was built in Scotland. The "QE2" is still in service for the Cunard Line.
1973 The United Kingdom joins the European Community (today European Union).
1988 The worst terrorist incident in Scotland's history occurs when a bomb explodes on board of a Panam air liner on its way from Frankfurt to New York and causes its crash nearby the Scottish town Lockerbie, killing 275 including several people on the ground.
1999 292 years after the dissolving of the last Scottish parliament, a new Parliament is reinstated in Edinburgh and is equipped with several authorities concerning educational, transport, and environmental matters. The Scottish Parliament has also the authority to moderately change the level of income taxes independently.