10,000 B.C. - 410 A.D. 563 - 1157 1237 - 1329 1414 - 1587 1603 - 1727 1745 - 1896 1901 - present
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A brief outline of Scotland's history

he following timeline shows the Scottish history from the ancient past until the present. It is divided in seven subsection, through which it can be navigated by using the seven buttons above.

Part 1: 10,000 BC - 410 A.D.

ca. 10,000 BC The first residents (mostly fishermen and pickers) settle in Scotland, especially in the costal areas or along the rivers.
ca. 5,000 BC Families and small tribes immigrate presumably from Ireland. The inhabitants become aquainted with agriculture and cattle breeding.
ca. 700 BC Celts emigrate from Northern Ireland to Scotland.
43 AD The Romans invide the British isles. England and a small part of today's Scotland become the Roman province of Britannia.
80 The Roman governor Julius Agricola can extent the Roman sphere of influence up to the rivers Forth and Clyde.
123 Emperor Hadrian erects the Hadrian's wall, a strong fortifications system, in order to protect the northern border of Britannia against the Caledonian tribes in the North.
142 Despite the Hadrian's wall, there are frequent attacks of the Caledonian tribes (Scots and Picts) on Roman territory. The Romans try to establish further fortifications between Firth and Clyde (Antonine Wall), but the wall can only be defended until 183.
367 Larger and more organised attacks by the Celtic tribes of Scotland across the Hardian's wall, while Saxons and Franconians start to raid the East coast of Britain.
383 The strength of the Roman Empire decreases and the number of Roman troops in Britannia is significantly reduced. Picts, Scots and Irish tribes take the opportunity for several raids.
410 The last Roman soldiers leave Britain. Germanic tribes (such as Angles and Saxons) invade the island and drive away the native Celtic population of Britain. Native Britons have to flee in remote regions such as the Bretagne, Cornwall - or Scotland.